Protests against the United States are not uncommon and have the potential to turn violent. Lower-court judges lack the requisite independence and sometimes are pressured by superior court judges as to how to decide a case. The 1976 Foreign Private Investment Promotion and Protection Act, Economic Reforms Act, and Investment Plan deal with the rights of foreign investors. Interest on Government securities is exempt from tax under certain income tax treaties.
Pakistan does not conduct any trade with Israel. Internet use continues to rise in Pakistan, and, with it, online piracy. Pirate booksellers are highly organized, well-connected, and often succeed in convincing authorities to drop cases immediately after any enforcement action or avoid enforcement action altogether. In some cases, they have even resorted to threats of violence and intimidation to avoid enforcement. Royalty and technical payments are subject to 15% income tax. Commercial cases in the courts typically take years to resolve, and most foreign investors typically write into their contracts the right to international arbitration.
The policy was designed to achieve sustainable development through the conservation, protection, and restoration of Pakistan’s environment, and is in line with national targets for achieving U.N. Millennium Development Goals. Implementing rules to enforce these ordinances remain incomplete. In 2009, the Cabinet approved a draft Plant Breeder’s Rights Law and an amendment to the Seed Act of 1976, both of which are pending approval in Parliament and passage from the provincial assemblies. The 1976 Foreign Private Investment Promotion and Protection Act guarantees remittance of profits earned through sale and appreciation in value of property. Pallet Racking and Storage Health and Safety Law Inspect racking regularly to make sure it is repaired and maintained properly and is safe. The Intellectual Property Organization forwarded the proposal to form the Policy Board to the Cabinet, but the Cabinet still has not approved it.